Important Geosites

Some of the important geosites of Geopak that must be seen.

Kula Divlit Volkanik Park

Kula Volcanic Park

The Kula Divlit Volcanic Park is located in the eastern part of the Kula-Salihli Geopark, northeast of the centre of Kula district. This park has all the landforms that were formed in consequence of the third stage of volcanic activities. Within the park area, you can see the Kula-Divlit cinder cone, lava flow, parasitic cones, spatter cones and lava tunnels and ditches. Within the park area, there is a pathway guiding visitors to the geosites (approx. length 2.7 km) with wooden bridges and 1 cycling track (approx. length 34.8 km).

Tarihi Kula Evleri

Historical Kula Houses

Kula, the 18th-century Ottoman architecture is one of the best preserved areas in Turkey. Kula houses reflect not only architectural style but also a general view of daily social life in Ottoman cities. Today, 1000 of 3000 historical buildings, including mosques, churches, fountains and famous mansions, are designated under Kula City Site and protected by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Kula Town. The Old City of Kula is located at the foot of the Kula Divlit cone lava flow. The extensive use of basalts (known locally as black stone) has profoundly influenced architectural styles.

Sardes ve Artemis Tapınağı

Sardis and The Temple of Artemis

History BC. The city of Sardes, which dates back to the 15th century, was the capital of the Lydian Kingdom in 1000 BC.

Sandal Divlit

Sandal Divlit

It is one of the most important volcanic forms formed in the 3rd phase of the Kula Volcanism (Divlit Tepe Volcanics). In terms of formation and shape features, it is in the type of cinder cone or scoria cone.


The Thousand Hills

These 119 tumuli scattered across the area between the ancient city of Sardis and Marmara Lake belonged to the rulers of Lydia.

Kula Peri Bacaları

Kula Fairy Chimneys

In the Kula-Salihli UNESCO Global Geopark, the Fairy Chimneys were formed due to the joint effect of raindrop erosion, surface erosion and tunnel / piping developed within the soft layer.

Çakırca Bazalt Sütunları

Çakırca Basalt Columns

This lava forming the columnar basalts erupted from Toytepe Volcano, located on the northernmost edge of Sarnıç Plato about 1,260 Million years ago. When the lava came on the surface, its temperature was about 800 C.

Kurşunlu Kaplıcaları

Kurşunlu Hot Springs.

It is one of Turkey's most important 15 geothermal fields. Located in the lower extremities of Kurşunlu stream, the area is on the Izmir Ankara road and is an important thermal tourism area.

Gökeyüp Çömlekçiği

Gökeyüp Pottery

The archaeological findings in the Kula-Salihli UNESCO Global Geopark include many artefacts made of clay, mostly from the Roman period, including Hellenistic and Prehistoric periods. These artifacts show that pottery techniques in the field reached very advanced levels in ancient times. The tradition of pottery making for centuries is maintained by more than 100 households in Gökeyüp. In Gökeyüp, where old techniques are still used, pottery-eyed gneiss is obtained by grinding the bedrock.

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