The city of Sardis, the history of which dates from nearly 1000 B.C. served as the capital city of the Lydian Kingdom. The city was the Provincial Centre during the Roman Period and became the Episcopal Centre in the Byzantine Period.
Emir Hot Springs are located 18 km east of Kula, next to Ilıca Hamam Creek, in Kula volcanics. This area was very famous during the Roman period and was known as "Thermai Thessos" or "Thessos Hot Springs".
Prehistoric rock paintings known as Kanlıkayalar are located near fossil human footprints. The figures were drawn on the inner surface of a erected schist rock block using red paint.