It is one of the most important volcanic forms formed in the third phase of Kula volcanism (Divlit Tepe Volcanics). In terms of formation and shape features, it is in the type of cinder cone or scour cone.
The volcanic rocks you see here were formed as a result of the spreading of the lava that emerged as a result of the activation of Toytepe Volcano, located at the northernmost end of the Sarnıç Plateau, approximately 1,260 million years ago.
Characteristic topographies have been developed on schists and gneisses, which are metamorphic crystalline rocks of the Paleozoic Menderes Massif, which form the bedrock of the Kula-Salihli Geopark.
In the Kula-Salihli UNESCO Global Geopark, the Fairy Chimneys were formed due to the joint effect of raindrop erosion, surface erosion and tunnel / piping developed within the soft layer.
An ophiolite is a section of the Earth's oceanic crust and the underlying upper mantle that has been uplifted and exposed above sea level and often emplaced onto continental crustal rocks. Their significance relates to their occurrence within mountain belts such as the Alps and the Himalayas, where they document the existence of former ocean basins that have now been consumed by subduction.
It is one of the most important volcanic forms formed in the 3rd phase of the Kula Volcanism (Divlit Tepe Volcanics). In terms of formation and shape features, it is in the type of cinder cone or scoria cone.
Western Anatolia forms one of the most seismically active and rapidly extending regions in the world. It is currently experiencing an approximately N- S continental extension, at a rate of 30-40 mm year. It forms a part of the “Aegean Extensional Province”, a region of distributed extension that covers parts of Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Albania
The Tmolos deposits extend like a continuous belt along the northern slopes of the Bozdağ Mountains. These deposits are faulted and tilted, and some hydrothermal alteration can be observed due to the effect of the water along the faulted zones.
There are three potholes at different levels at the lower course of the Tabak River which has its source at the summits of Bozdağ Mountains. These potholes were formed at the knick point in the longitudinal profile of the river.
The Üfürük Geothermal Area is located between the Mud (Çamur) Bath and Gökköy. Apart from other geotermal resource, In this area carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide gases get out.